FEEM and SDSN have identified Six Pillars of Decarbonization needed to reach zero net emissions of greenhouse gases by 2050 and negative emissions thereafter. The first five pillars aim to eliminate carbon dioxide emissions from the energy system. The sixth aims to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture (Roadmap to 2050, FEEM, SDSN).
The food supply chain will face new challenges in the near future.
The world population will hit 9.6 billions by the mid 2050s (UN, World Population Prospects), and the global energy and water demand will consequently rise (OECD, Environmental Outlook to 2050).
An increasing number of urban dwellers will need access to fresh food (WEF, Video), and farming methods with higher yields and a smaller footprint will be required (FAO, The Future of Food and Agriculture).
Climate change impacts the quality and nutritional properties of crops (Nature and eLife), while food market globalization implies huge and non diversifiable energy cost for transport (Hoffmann Centre, Chatham House).
Which technologies and best practices contribute to global and sustainable food markets?
Within the Food Impacts Initiative FEEM attempts to answer these questions by exploring food trade optimization and new local production technologies.